Some of the things you should look for when buying a
Papillon Breeder Glossary
Show vs Pet
There are three different kinds of breeders: Reputable,
Backyard and Puppy Mills
A reputable breeder
is one who cares more about the dogs than the money. They
frequently lose money on each litter they breed because of the
extensive testing they do to ensure a healthy, genetically sound
litter. Their passion and primary motivation is the
creation of the perfect representative of their breed. This is
not the result of "boy meets girl" breeding, but rather an
exhaustive study of genetics and pedigrees. Breeding's are
planned months in advance, and usually are breeding to keep a puppy
for themselves. Often these litters are breed to be show puppies.
- Reputable Breeders
These breeders love to talk
about their breed, and will often tell you the good as well as the
bad. They may actually try to turn you off of their breed.
They're also the first ones to send you to someone else if they
don't have what your family needs.
Another sign of an ethical breeder is they'll insist you neuter your
pet unless you're going to show the puppy (and then they'll usually
insist on co-owning the dog with you until the puppy has achieved
his/her championship). Many insist on "limited
registration" from the AKC which means any litters produced by
the animal are not eligible for registration. (Should your
little pet quality puppy grow up into a potential champion, the
limited registration can be changed to full registration by the
The final sign of an ethical breeder is a contract. Usually
the contract does nothing more than stipulate that if there is ever
a reason you need to place the dog elsewhere, that the dog comes
back to the breeder. Good breeders never forget their babies
and always have an open door policy for all of their
Back yard breeders are frequently the "boy meets girl"
breeders. You'll see their ads littering the internet and your
local paper. Often what separates "BYB" from
reputable breeders is knowledge, dedication, quality of dogs bred.
A sure sign of a backyard breeder is the lack of contracts you have
to sign and the lack of neutering requirements. It may sound good
upfront: no contracts, no requirements, but it also means when you
want or need information, the "BYB" probably won't be
there or know the answers. Also if tragedy strikes and you
need somewhere for "Poopsi" to stay (either on a temporary
or permanent basis), the backyard breeder is no where to be found.
Backyard breeders often don't test for genetic diseases either,
which means your adorable little puppy may end up costing you more
than a new roof in vet bills.
- Puppy Mills
First you must be aware
no one wears the term "puppy mill" with pride. They
never, ever advertise that their primary motive is profit.
The image that comes to mind when you think of "puppy
mill" may be one that you've seen frequently on the internet
and local tv, of up to a hundred matted, sick and lethargic
dogs living in squalor and in cages with barely enough room to turn
around. Those are indeed puppy mills, but their primary purchasers
are large pet store chains. Some puppy mills can
appear to be a clean, well kept kennel. These puppy mills
target the end consumer. Remember, conditions alone do not
define a puppy mill. While searching for a breeder, do not
hesitate to remove one from consideration if their kennel conditions
are deplorable, do not choose one solely on this criteria.
Beware the breeder who breeds several different breeds, does not
show their dogs, or doesn't not belong to a breed club. Also beware the breeder who's
overly anxious to "sell" you a dog without inquiring about
your home or other pets..
- Show vs Pet
Frequently you'll hear
reputable breeders talk about requiring their pet quality puppies to
be spayed or neutered. The difference between a pet quality
puppy and a show quality puppy can be as little a freckle in the wrong
place.. A show prospect puppy is one who shows promise of having
excellent qualities for the conformation show ring.for
meeting the breed standard. A
pet quality puppy from a reputable breeder will make a fine pet and may
look no different
to the uneducated than a show quality puppy, however he/she may have:
- bite is other than scissor
- ears that are too small or set low or to high
incorrect coat texture or lacking in coat
- temperament that would not make a good show
- improper markings
- to many freckles or ticking
- height to small or to large
- improper pigment
- improper tail carriage
- less the exceptional movement
None of the above characteristics inhibit in any
way your puppy's ability to love you, learn from you and give you his
complete devotion. They are however deviations from the breed standard.
This means this dog should not be bred for he/she will pass these
traits to his/her offspring. Papillons should look like act like
Papillons and there should never be any confusion between a Pap should
not look like Chihuahua or Pomeranian .
One word of caution is due here. When
purchasing a puppy make sure it is healthy. Your new puppy
should come with a guarantee of good health or a veterinarian health
certificate. If the state you live in has a puppy Lemon Law, the
breeder of your puppy should follow that law.Don't let
a breeder let a breeder talk you into purchasing a puppy that you that
is not what your looking for. Do not purchase a puppy because
you "feel sorry for them" and want to rescue them. That breeder
will only breed for more puppies. Purchase a puppy because when
you see it you and the puppy instantly fall in love and bond.
But also be realistic, if your purchasing a companion pet, don't
expect all the qualities of a "Best In Show Dog".
- Breed Standard
Each breed has a
written standard of perfection which is called the breed standard.
It describes the perfect dog of that breed. It specifies in
great detail the dog's physical appearance, attributes and the dog's
temperament. The AKC's
website lists the breed standard for each breed the organization
recognizes. Dogs shown in the conformation ring are judged
against the breed standard "ideal".
Temperament refers to a
dog's outlook and attitude. In general, it's much easier to predict
a pure bred dog's temperament than that of a mixed breed.
Ideally, you should meet both the sire and the dam of the litter
you're evaluating. The breeder should have handled their puppies
daily and the puppies should want to make humane contact with no fear of
human touch. Chances are (if you're
buying from a good breeder) that you are buying a puppy that has been cuddled
and kissed from the day it was born.
During discussions of temperament, three words frequently pop up:
Keep in mind that there are submissive
members of dominant breeds and vice versa. A good breeder
doesn't try to produce either a very dominate or a very submissive
pap. They do like a temperament that is happy and not shy.
There can even be various levels of submissiveness and dominance
Dogs are pack animals, and each pack needs a
leader. Someone who establishes and enforces the rules.
With any dog it's important that YOU, the human be the
leader. However, if you aren't willing to be the leader, breeds
that are dominant in temperament are more that willing to step
into that position of leadership. As a matter of fact,
dogs from dominant breeds will often challenge your position as
leader, and try to "move up the chain" by challenging
your spouse and children for their places within the pack.
One thing is for sure at Forevr... We know who
is the head bitch! <VBG> In your household you must have your
house, your rules, and have the pack follow.
These breeds don't covet the job of leader of the
pack as much as the dominant breeds do. If you step in and
fill the role of leader, these dogs will allow you to do so.
You'll only find trouble if you don't take on the role of leader.
(The leader disciplines the pack members and keeps them in line.)
They will step in to fill the void.
These dogs usually have the confidence necessary to withstand the
"tender affections" of children in the family.
These breeds have absolutely no desire to be the
leader. They'll readily accept anyone and everyone as
holding a position higher than theirs in the pack.
These dogs are best for families with small children and people
who have never owned a dog before. They
make incredibly poor watchdogs and protectors and need an owner
that is as tender and gentle as they are. Do not mistake
timidity with submissiveness! A shy puppy who runs and
hides is not submissive, he's timid. Such a puppy may
respond to the children chasing after him to play by aggressively
defending himself and biting.
A pedigree a dog's family tree on
paper. All AKC registered dogs have them.
Providing a pedigree is not proof that a puppy is of quality breeding.
Breeders that are members of the Papillon Club of America are required
to provide a pedigree for all Paps that are placed or sold. When looking
for a puppy, look for a pedigree that has several champions within the
first three generations of the puppies pedigree. For instance; if
you see one or two champions in the pedigree it just happens to
only be the great great grandmother or great great grandfather, and the
rest of the dogs are not champions, the odds are this puppy may not be
of quality breeding.
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